Geology and Paleontology

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Via Giorgio La Pira 4, Florence → How to get to the Museum


Opening Hours

The opening times of the Geology and Paleontology Museum are:

Tuesday to Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm

Last admission one hour before closing.

The Museum will be closed on: Mondays, 1 January, Easter, 1 May, 15 August, 25 December.

Tickets and bookings

Full ticket: 6€
Concession: 3€
Family 1-2 adults with a maximum of 4 children: 13€

Concessions: between 6 and 14 years of age;  65 years of age and older; primary and secondary Italian schools with a letter from the school

Combination ticket valid up to 3 months for Anthropology, Paleontology and Botanical Gardens: full price 10€ | concession 5€ | family 23€

Free entry: under 6 years of age; students of the universities of Tuscany (Florence, Pisa, Normale, Sant’Anna, Siena and Siena for Foreigners); employees in the University of Florence; Erasmus students at the universities of Tuscany; students of the Fine Arts Academy of Florence; members of ICOM (International Council of Museum) and ANMS (Associazione Nazionale Musei Scientifici); people with disabilities and their carers; registered tourist guides; registered journalists; teachers and class assistants of visiting school classes; Edumuseicard members

The Museum of Natural History is part of the Firenze Card circuit.


For informations, bookings and guided tours

Services and accessibility

The Museum is entirely located on the mezzanine, accessible by a ramp. The exhibition route is barrier-free and is designed to avoid sudden lighting and noise.

The restrooms are wheelchair accessible. The Museum has a tactile path for the blind and visually impaired. A special card can be requested at the entrance to facilitate the identification of touchable artifacts equipped with braille signs and high-readability font.

Visitors with sensory and/or cognitive disabilities can book dedicated guided tours with qualified staff and 3D reproductions of the specimens.


More information and a summary table of services for the Museum System

The Visit Itinerary

The exhibition is dedicated to the fossils of large mammals, molluscs, and plants that illustrate the history of paleontology and are precious witnesses of the Earth's past.

Of great impact are the skeletons of large proboscidians, including a long-tusked and stocky-bodied mastodon, and a large, four-metre-tall adult elephant. There are also skeletons of a cavern lion, a leopard, a saber-toothed tiger who lived millions of years ago in Tuscany when the area was a savannah.

Visitors can also admire skeletons of sirenians, large ancient herbivorous aquatic mammals, distant relatives of the elephants, and progenitors of the Dugongidae and the Lamantines still present in the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean.

An entire room is dedicated to the horse that originally (55 million years ago) was the size of a dog of medium height. The exhibition allows visitors to see and understand the evolution that occurred for this beautiful animal.

Oreopithecus bambolii is a find of extraordinary value for the study of evolution and unique in the world. This is the skeleton, found in the Tuscan Maremma, of an anthropomorphic monkey that lived 9 million years ago that has many similarities with hominids. In the section part dedicated to fossils of non-European continents, there are the skeletons of large non-flying birds (Moa). On display are also specimens of ammonites and other fossil invertebrates of the various geological eras: from Mauritanian stromatolites, fossil formations with curious shapes that represent the first evidence of life of the Earth (700 million years) up to the Pliocene molluscs (5-1.8 millions of years ago).

The evolution of the plant world is also documented by our remarkable paleobotanical collection.

The exhibition wraps up with the modern Sala della balena (the Whale Room), an immersive space in which the visitor can walk "on the bottom of the sea", next to the 10-metre long skeleton of a Balenopteridae lived three million years ago and today exhibited with the remains of the animals that have fed on the carcass, from the great sharks to the very small bone-eater worms.

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